Total Joint Replacement
Total Joint Replacement is often needed to ease pain and restore movement to knees, hips, and other joins damaged by injury or age. Memphis Orthopaedic Group offers the most advanced joint replacement techniques and treatments available, anywhere.
What is a joint?
The ends of two or more bones connected by thick tissues form a joint. For example, the lower leg bone (tibia and fibula) and the thighbone (femur) form the knee joint. The hip is a ball-and-socket joint, formed by the upper end of the femur (the ball), and a part of the pelvis, called the acetabulum (the socket).
The bone ends of a joint are covered with a smooth layer called cartilage. Healthy cartilage allows nearly frictionless and pain-free movement. When the cartilage is damaged or diseased by arthritis, joints become stiff and painful. A fibrous tissue envelope or capsule with a smooth tissue lining called the synovium encloses each joint. The synovium produces fluid that reduces friction and wear.
Why is total joint replacement necessary?
When the cartilage is damaged, pain in the joint is the result. Often the pain is so severe, a person will avoid using the joint entirely, weakening the muscles around the joint and limiting mobility. A physical examination, and possibly some laboratory tests and X-rays, will show the extent of damage to the joint. We then assess the effectiveness of NSAIDs, exercise, physical therapy, and injectable treatments in relieving pain and discomfort. Total joint replacement will be considered if other treatment options will not relieve the pain and disability.
What is the recovery process?
In general, your orthopaedic surgeon will encourage you to use your “new” joint shortly after your operation. After total hip or knee replacement, you will often stand and begin walking the day after surgery. Initially, you will walk with a walker, crutches, or a cane.
Most patients have some temporary pain in the replaced joint because the surrounding muscles are weak from inactivity and the tissues are healing. This will end in a few weeks or months.
Exercise is an important part of the recovery process. Your MOG team will discuss an exercise and physical therapy program for you after surgery. This varies for different joint replacements and for differing needs of each patient.
After your surgery, you may be permitted to play golf, walk, and dance. The return to more strenuous sorts, such as running and tennis, will be discussed with your physician.
The motion of your joint will generally improve after surgery. The extent of improvement will depend on how stiff your joint was before the surgery.
Sound Like Something You Need?
If this sound like something you need to get checked out, give us your information and make an appointment today!